By 1943, the Italian Air Force aircraft was in 1306, of which only one-third was suitable for use.
Remains of aircraft based at the north, under the control of the fascist Italian Social Republic (ISR) set up by September 23 under pressure from Hitler. At the head of ISR rose again Mussolini.
The first in the Republican Air Force began to operate two groups of fighters who joined the fight against Allied bombers. Then the group was formed torpedo-bombers and the transportation group.
Bombers of the republic was sent to the Eastern Front.
For the first time in a fighter aircraft used parts made in Italy, but later they were replaced by German Me-109. At the end of the war a small group of Italian pilots were in Germany, preparing for training in fighter jets, but the war ended before it began test flights. 1st and 2nd Fighter Group fought until mid-April 1945.
During the period 1940-45 Italian pilots flew about 280,000 missions, shot down 2533 enemy aircraft in the air and destroying 474 on the ground, 144 pilot have won 5 or more victories. Italian air force losses amounted to 6805 aircraft and 22 805 men of personnel.
The pilot wears a winter model flight suit. Jacket and pants made of matter at the khaki-colored insulated lining. There was another version of the suit. Summer sewn model of white cloth. Left chest jacket, above the gold stripe lieutenant sewn round with a red stripe with white outline "the face of the Devil" (the emblem of the 5th Squadron «Diavoli Rossi» 2nd Fighter Group). Cap blue with gold stripes on the band lieutenant. Is a badge with a laurel wreath in the center of the fascia. On Tuglie not relying golden eagle with outspread wings.