In May 1939 Mussolini signs a contract for a military alliance with Germany, received the name "Steel pact." June 19, 1940 Italy enters World War II. Invasion in 1943, Allied forces in Italy leads to the exclusion of "Il Duce" from the government. SS special unit under the command of Otto Skorzeny rescues Mussolini and deliver it to Germany. September 23 under pressure from Hitler announced the creation of the Italian Social Republic with its capital in Salo.
The basis for the National Republican Army (ENR) had four staff divisions. 1st Division of Alpine Rifles "Monterosa" consisted of the 1st and 2nd regiments of Alpine, Alpine 1st Artillery Regiment and supporting units.
The officer-bearer of the rank of junior lieutenant is dressed in a gray-green uniform of the sample in 1940, gray-green shirt and tie. On the legs black boots and puttees. The green tabs on the collar in the shape of the three flames correspond to alpine arrows. Steel gray-green helmet model 1933 is decorated with a traditional symbol of the Alpine shooters. The officers it was a golden eagle's feather with pompom. On a brown belt with shoulder strap holster with a semiautomatic pistol "Beretta" model 1934, caliber 9 mm.
The new Army flag was a common Italian tricolor. In the center silver eagle with outspread wings, holding in its talons golden fascia. The shaft of light blue. The pommel is in the form of gold fascia with silver hatchet.