Macedonian hoplite, the middle of 4 th century BC
The Rise of Macedonia began during the reign of King Philip II (359-336 years. BC). Once in power, Philip reorganized the Macedonian army and proceeded to the conquest of Greece. After the defeat of the combined armies of Greek city-states at Chaeronea in 338 BC Macedonians have become masters of all Greece.
The kernel of the Macedonian army was composed of free peasants, who served in heavily armed infantry. For completing infantry country was divided into 6 districts. Each separate unit manned residents of one county, which increased the cohesion forces. Philip entered the army harsh regime of exercise and discipline, forcing the soldiers to make difficult transitions into full gear, to accustom to the hardships of war. High mobility and discipline allowed Philip to fight at any time of year. Infantrymen of the new specimen were named Philip "pedzetayr" - "hiking companion king".
The Macedonian phalanx was divided into rows (dekas) for 16 people, built in depth. Armor Macedonian falangits did not differ from the classical Greek and match weapons hoplites. Phalanges of the front rows of protected traditional linen shell (linotoraks). On the head of a modification of the Phrygian helmet with elongated face protection. On a round shield-wolf goplone image. On legs Bronze Leggings tied with laces. Armed with long lance-sariss and sword-ksifos.