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Forum » Russian Civil war / Гражданская война в России » Thread: IV Polish Corps -- Page 1  Jump To: 

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 IV Polish Corps
Sent: 24-02-2012 03:55
IV Polish Corps
A new phase in raising Polish military formations started after the disarmament of I Polish Corps. The role as instigator of renewed efforts had the secretive organization The Military Commission (Komisja Wojskowa). This authority, located in Moscow, was formed on the agreement between emissaries from the Pilsudski-camp and the Soviet Union, representatives of the pro-allied Polish Council for Inter Unification (RPZM - Rady Polskiej Zjednoczenia Międzypartyjnego) and former activists from the Union of Arms (Związku Broni) in the I Polish Corps. Leading figure in the Military Commission, founded June 15, 1918, was a priest, Kazimierz Lutoslawski. As Supreme Commander of the Polish forces in Russia started General Jozef Haller and after his imminent departure to France, was appointed General Lucjan Zeligowski.
The concept for a renewed recruiting organization was presented by General Haller on 10 and 14 July 1918. But it was not possible to rely on more volunteers arriving at the center located near Murmansk, as the Soviet authorities had discovered the points of transit, including the one in Yaroslavl, and now prevented any passages. In this situation there was a modification to the workings of organization. The department of the Military Mobilization Commission was moved to Kiev, now acting under the direction of Lt.-Colonel Leon Bobicki, who took over the issues with enlisting. The appropriate action of the Military Organization was now shifted to the Volga Federal District and the Kuban.
Raising Polish troops in the Kuban was carried out with the consent of General Denikin, who commanded the counter-revolutionary Volunteer Army. It was started August 24, 1918, and initially only raised a combined unit composed of an infantry battalion, a squadron of lancers and an artillery unit. At first it was commanded by Captain Stefan Wyspianski, later by Colonel Francis Zielinski.
A proper working organization first started, when General Zeligowski got the command of the Polish Army in Russia. That happened 20 October 1918 and was stipulated in the new agreement, which was signed by representatives of RPZM (Feliks Raczkowski and Zdzislaw Oplustil) and the Pilsudski-camp (Michael Sokolnicki). The agreement announced the formation of Polish units for action against the Central Powers. It was noted that the army would be formed as an integral part of the Polish Army in France. The responsibility for political affairs had the Supreme Committee of the Polish Army in the East (Komitetowi Naczelnemu Wojska Polskiego na Wschodzie), with three representatives from RPZM and three representatives from the so-called Left Independence Movement. The status of the troops was to be an alliance army, also this term was agreed with Denikin.
After these consultations, started on 27 October 1918 the forming the 4th Rifle Division in the Stanica Paszkowski at Jekatierinodar. Given the shortage of men, there was a temporary change to the decision and on November 21 was formed an unit, but only as an independent Polish Rifle Brigade, commander was Colonel Stanislaw Malachowski. Parts of the brigade, were on Order of 1st of December 1918 by Marshall Ferdinand Foch, Commander in Chief of the Allied Forces, transferred to Odessa. The rest arrived in January the following year.
The work on formation of the 4th Rifle Division was resumed. Personal command took General Zeligowski, when he simultaneously terminated the no longer needed Polish Army Headquarters in the East.

In April 1919, as a result of the many reorganizations and changes, the 4th Rifle Division was finally completed as a result of bringing together the human resources for
three regiments of infantry,
two regiments of lancers,
a field artillery battalion,
an independent engineer company,
train columns,
a field hospital
an air force unit.
April 19, 1919 served in these units in total 643 officers and 3.386 non-commissioned officers and men. On June 17, 1919, the Division reached Stanislavov after arduous marches and transport over the territory of Romania.

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